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Kielce, Poland was the site of Europe’s last Jewish pogrom in 1946. The militia, soldiers and ordinary townspeople killed over 40 Holocaust survivors seeking shelter in a downtown building, injuring 80 more. As news of the pogrom spread across Poland, Jews fled the country. The Kielce pogrom became a symbol of Polish post-war anti-Semitism i
In October of 1941 first transport of Jews from Western Europe had arrived at the Radegast station at the already overcrowded ghetto in Lodz. The majority of the Polish Jews considered assimilation an apostasy, whereas the German Jews considered their attachment to an orthodox mysticism and isolation from society ignorant. They even felt an animosity against those coming from the East. And here the two groups were forced to meet.
Between that date and August 29th of 1944 Germans had sent 250 thousand Jews to death camps in Chelmno and Auschwitz. The Borys Lankosz’s documentary is a story about so-called “inteligencia”: lawyers, doctors, professors, philosophers, and writers. All were forced to relocate to the Lodz’s ghetto from Prague, Vienna, and Frankfurt where two worlds had collided: the aristocracy and intelligencia of the western Jews with the eastern Jews’ working class. For the first time in modern history, two distant communities split not only by two centuries of civilization but also by an emancipation which had transformed the life of the Western Jews faced each other. With a terrifying cold the eyewitnesses to the events describe the terror of the ghetto’s every-day life where what has been left after 250 thousand people are burnt bones and unsent post cards. Using modern and old photographs, reports and authentic speeches of Chaim Rumkowski, the Lodz ghetto Judenrat leader (played by an actor), authors of the film are trying to gain an insight into a tragic reality of that time.
50 minutes/English subtitles